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Succulent Propagation from Leaves and Cutting

Succulents are taking the world aback with their captivating beauty and awestruck forms. Succulents are gorgeous and a top favorite of plant lovers because they are low-maintenance. Succulents are one of the simplest plants to grow. You can quickly propagate the succulents from their stem cuttings and leaves. By easily propagating succulents, you can enhance your collection and gift it to your friends and family.

Succulent propagation is the easiest during spring and summer. During these seasons, the stems and leaves remain active and easy to propagate. During this time, the leaves and stems remain primed for better propagation. Though propagation can be done during any time and season, Summer and spring are naturally the ideal seasons for growth. Let us understand succulent propagation in detail:

Propagation Through Leaves
Succulents like Jade or Echeveria can be best propagated through leaves. All succulents with fleshy leaves can be ideally propagated through leaves. Instead of leaves, the rosettes can also be used for propagation. When rooting the leaves or rosettes in a new pot, it is necessary to keep the leaves whole. Leaf parts cannot be used for propagating succulents. The easiest way is to hold the leaves with fingers and not break them.

Gently roll the leaves back and forth once when you break them with your hand. This particular movement will help break the leaves from the succulent. Now that you have detached the leaf, ensure that the base of the leaf is intact. It is now time for potting the leaves in a new planter. Prepare this pot with suitable soil, the exact amount of fertilizers, or organic manure, and maintain an optimum moisture level. After this, plant the succulent in the pot and ensure the right temperature and the proper humidity are maintained. The newly propagated plant needs greater care and attention than other plants. When propagating succulents, keep in mind the right conditions for their growth.

Propagating Through Stem Cuttings
Propagating the plant through stem cuttings works best for succulents such as Stacked Crassula's and upright sedums. Propagating a succulent through stem cuttings is similar to propagating any herb or soft-stemmed plant. Take a sharp knife and cut the stem at an angle, just as in case of any soft stemmed herb. In the beginning, cut an entire stem. Choose a stem that features multiple starts. Such stems are ideal for propagation. Each stem cutting should be 2-3 inches in length. As for the leaves on the stem, the top leaves (at least 2-3) should be kept as it is, and discard the rest. The stem cuttings should be replanted in a pot like other stem cuttings. Special care must be taken to grow them properly. Some people tend to plant stem cuttings in water, but the growth is insufficient. Succulents do not prefer growth in watery conditions. The rooting process is smooth for most succulents, whereas a few may be difficult to propagate. You don't have to use a fancy pot . Propagating a succulent through stem cuttings is similar to propagating any herb or soft-stemmed plant.

Preparing the Stem or Leaf Cutting
Once you have prepared the stem or leaf cutting, it is imperative that the cutting dry out a little bit. Mind that, by drying it, we don’t mean to say making it lifeless. Just let the additional dripping sap dry out. Sometimes placing it in the normal air works fine, and it hardly takes a day. It is recommended not to put the cutting under direct sunlight. You may see some signs of your cutting fading, which is fine. If it gets shriveled too much, try sprinkling water on it.

Watering the Leaf or Stem Cutting
The leaves and stem cuttings will eventually turn orange and die out if you don’t water them appropriately. While fully matured succulents do not need much watering, stem and leaf cuttings meant for propagation need extensive care. However, avoid too much watering. When placing the leaf cuttings on the soil, ensure that you place them on the topsoil. Instead of directly pouring water bottles on the leaf-cutting, emphasize keeping the soil moist. This will help prevent the leaf-cutting from getting dried out all the time. When working with stem cuttings, it is much easier. Stem cuttings can be closely compared with the actual plants. Since they have the mechanism of a fully grown up functional plant, it is easy for stem cuttings to grow roots and quickly adapt even to the new soil. However you must also water the stem cuttings, but they need less care than the leaves.

Results Can Be Late
If you are trying out the stem or leaf cutting propagation method in succulents for the first time, you may get frustrated. This is because results take a long time to show up. If you have tried it out at least once in the past, you must know about it. It will take a few days and sometimes even more for new rosettes to grow from the leaf and stem cuttings. Several factors determine this growth time. The season, temperature, weather conditions, moisture availability, and atmospheric humidity have a role to play. You can expect new healthy rosettes to appear within 2 weeks if all the processes have been correctly followed.

Caring for the New Succulents
Now that you have rooted the succulents and they have started to grow, it is time to care for the new babies, so they grow well and increase like natural beauties. Initially, you can place them in small pots. Once rooting starts, it is better to shift them to large pots where they get enough space for growth. Loose and coarse soil is the best for succulents. The soil should be prepared well for suitable drainage. Muddy or sticky soil retains too much water and leads to the rotting of the succulents. Follow the proper guidelines regarding sunlight exposure and temperature specific for the succulent. Keep the succulents healthy.


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